Toplumsal Paradigmanın Felsefî Düşünüşe Etkisi: Stoa ve Kant Örneği

Abstract

The Effect of Social Paradigm to Philosophical Thought: The Case of Stoa and Kant

With the city government in Ancient Greek giving its place to the central empire, the human should be redefined according to the new social paradigm. The Hellenistic philosophy could be considered as a product of this effort. A similar situation is at work also for the Europe after Middle Age. The downfall of the feudality, with the rise of the bourgeoisie instead of it, makes a new human definition mandatory in such a social condition. Enlightenment philosophy could be considered also a product of this effort. In this essay the similarities between two human definitions presented in two different time period are established, with Stoicism and Kant patterns.

Keywords

Ethics, Stoicism, Immanuel Kant, Hellenistic philosophy, Enlightenment philosophy.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Etik, Stoacılık, Immanuel Kant, Helenistik felsefe, Aydınlanma felsefesi.

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